• History of mining in South Africa: The key events throughout time

     · From the world''s largest hand-dug mine to strike action with fatal violence on both sides, South Africa''s mining industry has been one of the country''s most influential for over a hundred years. We look at the history of …

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  • Discovering The Oldest Manmade Structures on Earth

    by Michael Tellinger 2009 from Wendag Website Presentation by Angelique Serrao July 14, 2008 from WendagForums Website A stone calendar that is apparently older than 75 000 years has been discovered in Mpumalanga. Adam''s Calendar - as it has been named by the two South Africans who discovered the find - is reportedly the oldest man-made structure on Earth.

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  • Early Gold Mining Methods

    Early Gold Mining Methods. Miners during the early Gold Rush years wanted only one thing: gold. They didn''t care about elegance, craft or aesthetics. Greedy and in a hurry, they made do with simple yet effective tools. The gold panner patiently crouching alongside a river is symbolic of the Gold Rush, and yet gold pans were probably the most ...

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  • National Mining Association

    other''s current gold and silver coins as full legal tender. 1868 A.D. George Harrison, while digging up stones to build a house, discovers gold in South Africa – since then, the source of nearly 40% of all gold ever mined. 1873 A.D. As a result of ongoing

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  • Electricity in South Africa

    The Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa records that "an electric device" was used in South Africa in about 1809. The first electric telegraph system, operated between Cape Town and Simon''s Town, was introduced in 1860. An early arc light was demonstrated in 1860 and the telegraph system was used for a time signal in 1861. ...

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  • Rand Rebellion 1922 | South African History Online

    After this, as South Africa grew increasingly industrialized, the government came under stronger pressure to protect skilled white workers in mining and in the manufacturing industry. New laws Three important Acts were passed that gave increasing employment opportunities to whites and introduced a programme of African segregation.

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  • South Africa Mining Production | 2021 Data | 2022 Forecast | …

    Mining production in South Africa rebounded by 2.1 percent year-on-year in October of 2021, compared to a downwardly revised 0.8 percent contraction in September and better than market estimates of a 0.85 percent fall. The largest positive contributors were PGMs (24 percent vs -7.5 percent in September), chromium ore (28.7 percent vs 6.1 percent), and iron ore (11.5 percent …

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  • Migration in Southern Africa

    1 Introduction Southern Africa has a long history of intra-regional migration, dating back to the mid-nineteenth century. Migration was probably the single most important factor tying together all of the various colonies and countries of the sub-continent into a single

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  • Mining industry of South Africa

    Mining in South Africa was once the main driving force behind the history and development of Africa''s most advanced and richest economy. Large-scale and profitable mining started with the discovery of a diamond on the banks of the Orange River in 1867 by Erasmus Jacobs and the subsequent discovery and exploitation of the Kimberley pipes a few years later.

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  • Chinese control over African and global mining—past, present and …

     · Although Africa has a mining and metallurgy tradition going far back, it was only with the diamond and gold rushes in southern Africa that Africa''s minerals resources came into focus (Yachir 1988). During the twentieth century, European and North American interests dominated African mining, with a short interlude of increased national control following …

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  • Mining

    Mining. Johannesburg''s gold mining industry was established when a large gold reef was accidentally discovered on a remote farm in 1886, triggering a massive gold rush by thousands of speculators. Within 10 years, there was a fully fledged town on the same spot; within 30 years it was South Africa''s largest city.

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  • Brief history of gold mining in South Africa

    Brief history of gold mining in South Africa - Mining for ...

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  • Witwatersrand Gold Rush | The Famous South African Gold Mine

    The Famous South African Gold Mine Johannesburg, the heart of the Rand. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush initiated South Africa''s domination of world gold production. Although legends of a South African "El Dorado" existed among the natives of the area, it was not until 1886, when a poor Australian prospector named George Harrison staked the first claim, that the vast riches …

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  • South Africa

    South Africa - South Africa - Gold mining: Prospectors established in 1886 the existence of a belt of gold-bearing reefs 40 miles (60 km) wide centred on present-day Johannesburg. The rapid growth of the gold-mining industry intensified …

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  • Brief history of gold mining in South Africa

    Brief history of gold mining in South Africa. INCLUDING MAJOR EVENTS. 1873. First large-scale production began when alluvial deposits were discovered at Pilgrim''s Rest. 1884. Gold was discovered in the Witwatersrand which led to an …

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  • History of Gold Mining in South Africa

     · From the world''s largest hand-dug mine to strike action with fatal violence on both sides, South Africa''s mining industry has been one of the …

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  • Roots of Apartheid: South Africa''s Mining Industry

    modern mining industry emerged as the major shaper of South Africa''s economy and race relations in the latter half of the 19 th century. Important diamond deposits were discovered at Kimberley in 1869.

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  • The world''s biggest gold mines: Top ten

     · 1. South Deep gold mine – 32.8 million ounces (Moz) South Deep gold mine is the largest gold mine in the world, by reserves. Located 45km south-west of Johannesburg in the Witwatersrand Basin, South Africa, South Deep is also the seventh deepest mine in the world, with a mine depth up to 2,998m below the surface. ...

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  • Ancient Gold Mines in Africa | Study

    Gold in South Africa Between the 10th and 13th centuries CE, the South African kingdom of Mapungubwe thrived due to natural resources like gold. …

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  • Problems in the mining industry in South africa

    The current turbulence in the mining industry in South Africa has its roots in several different factors. First, the fall in global demand for platinum and other minerals due to recession; second, the consequences of the Marikana disaster in destabilising labour relations; and third, the structural character of our mining industry. A great deal has been written about the first two …

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  • South Africa

    South Africa - South Africa - Gold mining: Prospectors established in 1886 the existence of a belt of gold-bearing reefs 40 miles (60 km) wide centred on present-day Johannesburg. The rapid growth of the gold-mining industry intensified processes started by the diamond boom: immigration, urbanization, capital investment, and labour migrancy. By 1899 the gold industry …

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  • Top 10 gold producing countries

     · South Africa – 118.2 tonnes Once the top gold-producer in the world by a wide margin, South Africa''s gold mines have been slowing every year since 2008, with the exception of 2013 when ...

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  • Mining Conditions in South Africa

     · South Africa in particular has a massive mining industry – it is a major source of diamonds, gold, platinum and coal, and is home to most of the deepest mines in the world. With a vast supply of highly sought-after raw materials and a relatively low population density considering the space, South Africa has a thriving mining industry.

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  • South Africa''s Mining Industry

     · A sharp decline in the relative importance of the gold mining sector in South Africa. With it having lost 66 965 jobs since 2010, while the non-gold mining sector actually added 38 417 jobs over the same time period. As we said before the sun is setting on the

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  • A story of South Africa: Mining, Migration, Misery

     · A story of South Africa: Mining, Migration, Misery. Mining and migration have gone hand in hand since the Neolithic era, but the special impact of industrial strength mining and Apartheid brought ...

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  • » Gold in the Ancient World

    Gold was taken from the Rhine River, from mines at Vercellae and from Transylvania. It was brought in trade from the Atlantic coast of central Africa, and from the sources of the Egyptians. Gold from all over the world flowed into Rome. The wealth of gold reached a point where massive statues of pure gold were displayed.

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  • Gold mining

    The mining of the Hungarian deposit (present-day Slovakia) primarily around Kremnica was the largest of the Medieval period in Europe. During the 19th century, numerous gold rushes in remote regions around the globe caused large migrations of miners, such as the California Gold Rush of 1849, the Victorian Gold Rush, and the Klondike Gold Rush.

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  • Mining in SA

    In many ways, South Africa''s political, social and economic landscape has been dominated by mining, given that, for so many years, the sector has been the mainstay of the South African economy. Although gold, diamonds, platinum and coal are the most well-known among the minerals and metals mined, South Africa also hosts chrome, vanadium, titanium and a …

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  • History of Gold Mining in South Africa

     · New gold mines continue to open in South Africa, adding to the notion that gold mining in South Africa continues to be a feasible and productive industry. Gold is the leading mineral earner of foreign income in South Africa …

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  • West Wits Mining (ASX:WWI) on track for first ore from Qala …

     · West Wits Mining (WWI) further progresses its early mining initiative at the Qala Shallows Project in South Africa. The initiative is delivering on schedule with the first ore expected around February next year. West Wits has allocated a monthly production target of 5000 tonnes to 8500 tonnes run-of-mine, building to 50,000 tonnes ore per month.

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  • Mining in South Africa |ProjectsIQ

    Mining in South Africa began with chance discovery of a diamond on the banks of the Orange River in 1867. By the 1880s, the mines around Kimberley produced around 95% of the world diamonds. In 1886, on the farm of Langlaagte, the …

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  • Gold

    Gold sales increased by 3.7% at R72.6 billion in 2019 (R70 billion in 2018) Gold production decreased to 101.3 tonnes in 2019 (117 tonnes in 2018) At the current gold price more than half of the South African gold mining industry is marginal South African gold

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  • Dumps in South Africa prove golden

     · The discovery of a seam of gold deposits led to the establishment of Johannesburg in 1886 and some of the dumps date back to the city''s early days as a frontier mining town.

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